“Dalit participation was limited in the Civil Disobedience Movement”. Examine the statement.

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asked Oct 26, 2018 in Class X Social Science by navnit40 (-3,330 points)

“Dalit participation was limited in the Civil Disobedience Movement”. Examine the statement.

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answered Oct 26, 2018 by muskan15 (-2,530 points)

Dalit participation was limited in the Civil Disobedience Movement.

The causes for this are listed below: 

(i) Dr B.R. Ambedkar, who organized the Dalits into the Depressed Classes Association in 1930, clashed with Mahatma Gandhi at the Second Round Table Conference by demanding separate electorates for Dalits. 

(ii) When the British government conceded Dr. B. R. Ambedkar’s demand, Gandhiji began a fast unto death.

(iii) Gandhiji believed that separate electorates for Dalits would slow down the process of their integration into the society. 

(iv) Dr. Ambedkar ultimately accepted Gandhiji’s position and the result was the Poona Pact of September 1932. 

(v) It gave the Depressed Classes (later to be known as the Schedule Castes) reserved seats in Provincial and Central Legislative Councils, but they were to be voted in by the general electorate.

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