The Old Mughal Provinces: Three states stand out very prominently amongst the states that were carved out of the old Mughal provinces in the 18th century. These states were founded by members of the high Mughal nobility who had been governors of large provinces. These states and their founders are as under:
Awadh: Sa’adat Khan
Bengal: Murshid Quli Khan
Hyderabad: Asaf Jah
All the above founders had occupied high mansabdari positions and enjoyed the trust and confidence of the emperors. The founders of Hyderabad and Bengal held a zat ranking of 7000 each, whereas Sa’adat Khan, the founder of Awadh had a zat ranking of 6000.